The full Cayenne lineup now consists of the V6-powered Cayenne, the naturally-aspirated V8 powered Cayenne S and Cayenne GTS models. All share an appropriately aggressive face, taut, muscular sheet metal highlighted by broad wheel arches that hint at the available awesome performance, on the road and off. All boast all-wheel drive as standard equipment complemented by a broad palette of traction and stability enhancing technologies.
All Cayenne models are propelled by double-overhead camshaft engines featuring Direct Fuel Injection (DFI). Porsche’s engineers have ensured that this sophisticated and still-rare power plant technology work seamlessly with other Porsche engine controls including Porsche VarioCam Plus variable intake valve lift and timing system. The result is the abundant reserve of power that Porsche drivers expect coupled with superb efficiency. Despite their prodigious outputs, not one of the Cayenne models carries a gas guzzler stigma and all are certified by the federal government as Low Emissions Vehicles.
The Cayenne SUVs feature a sport button enabling the driver to select between the Normal and Sport modes. In Sport, the throttle becomes more dynamic and the Tiptronic S automatic transmission shift points are more aggressive. Also standard on all models is a fully automatic tailgate.
And all Cayenne models can tow up to 7,716 lbs. and feature permanent all-wheel drive and Porsche Traction Management and a 2.7:1 reduction gear for off-road or inclimate weather use.
For the first time, Cayenne customers can request trim stitching and leather in deviating color, which previously had been exclusive to the sports car lines. Customers can select decorative trim stitching in a deviating color throughout the interior, as well as leather seat centers and door panels in a deviating color.
Through Porsche Exclusive program, Cayenne customers can now get two new options: Bi-Xenon™ headlights finished in black and 21-inch Cayenne SportPlus wheels painted black.The 21-inch SportPlus wheel is standard on the Cayenne GTS, and the 21-inch Cayenne Sport wheel is standard on the 2010 Cayenne GTS.
The 2010 models still feature many of the upgrades first shown last year, such as Porsche’s updated Porsche Communication Management system (PCM), is an option. The system now uses a touchscreen rather than a separate keyboard. The optional navigation system (also standard on Turbo models) is now based on a 40 GB hard drive.
In addition, the PCM offers optional Bluetooth connectivity for handsfree cell phone use, and optional wired connectivity for external music and audio sources such as MP3 players, iPods and USB memory sticks. Other audio options include XM Satellite radio with real-time XM NavTraffic updates and a six-disc CD changer.
Porsche engineers adapted the company’s unique Porsche Ceramic Composite Brake (PCCB) system to the Cayenne range. Beginning with the 2009 model year, PCCB with its recognizable yellow calipers, is optionally available on all V8-powered Cayenne SUVs when equipped with 20 or 21 inch wheels.
With an enhanced powertrain and lowered air suspension and 21-inch wheels and tires, the Cayenne GTS represents the top of the naturally aspirated Cayenne range. Refinements by Porsche engineers sacrificed some of the Cayenne’s inherent, off-road capabilities in favor of increased dynamic performance on pavement. To that end, the engineers lowered the air suspension and made modifications to the naturally aspirated 4.8-liter V8 engine.
The drivetrain refinements resulted in a 5 percent or 20-horsepower increase to 405 horsepower over the Cayenne S. Responses to the driver's commands are further heightened by a 15-percent reduction in the drivetrain's final drive ratio, regardless of the transmission. The Cayenne GTS is equipped with either the standard equipment six-speed manual gearbox or an optional six-speed Tiptronic S automatic. The engine's power characteristics are optimized by a specially created sport exhaust system – which comes with the added bonus of a throaty, meaningful note from the dual-twin tailpipes.
Thanks to these enhancements, Porsche test drivers were able to accelerate the Cayenne GTS with manual gearbox on the track from zero to 60 mph (96 km/h) in 5.7 seconds. The Cayenne GTS with the Tiptronic S is three tenths of a second quicker than its Cayenne S sibling, accelerating to 60 mph in 6.1 seconds. Top test-track speed for Cayenne GTS with manual gearbox or Tiptronic S transmission is 157 mph (253 km/h).
To ensure road-holding commensurate with its added engine output, the Cayenne GTS’s standard air suspension system sits 0.78 inches lower than the other Cayenne models with air suspension. Porsche Active Suspension Management (PASM) and Porsche Stability Managament (PSM) are standard, as well. To ensure more than adequate traction, the Cayenne GTS is fitted with 21-inch alloy Cayenne Sport wheels with 295/35 performance tires.
More impressive than the Cayenne GTS’s performance is the fact that regardless of transmission the SUV carries no gas-guzzler penalty. The manual transmission model is rated at 11 mpg in the city and 17 mpg on the highway. The Tiptronic S improves efficiency by upping the ratings to 13 mpg in the city and 18 mpg on the highway. Thanks to direct fuel injection working in concert with Porsche VarioCam Plus variable intake valve lift, both GTS versions and the Cayenne S achieve Ultra-Low Emissions Vehicle (ULEV) certification.
The Cayenne GTS with the standard six-speed manual gearbox starts at $72,400 plus a $975 for destination.
With 385 horsepower and 369 lb-ft of torque available, the five-passenger, permanent all-wheel drive Cayenne S can scoot from a standstill to 60 mph (96 km/h) in only 6.4 seconds. Top test-track speed is 155 mph (250 km/h). Despite this performance, the Cayenne S is certified as an Ultra Low Emissions Vehicle (ULEV). With its efficient Tiptronic S automatic transmission the Cayenne S is rated by the EPA to return 13 mpg in the city and 19 mpg on the highway. Thanks to Direct Fuel Injection (DFI) and Porsche VarioCam Plus intake valve lift and timing control, the Cayenne S, like its Cayenne siblings, carries no gas-guzzler penalty.
The 2010 Cayenne S MSRP is $60,700 plus $975 for destination.
The Porsche Cayenne is the entry level model in the Cayenne family of high-performance, luxury SUVs. Yet, its performance is far from basic. The Cayenne is powered by a 3.6-liter V6 engine with Direct Fuel Injection (DFI) and delivering 290 horsepower and 273 lb-ft of torque. The results are felt immediately as the Cayenne accelerates from zero to 60 mph (96 km/h) in 7.5 seconds, a full second quicker than the original 2004 model. Track-proven top speed is 141 mph (227 km/h). The Cayenne can be had with either a six-speed manual or six-speed Tiptronic S automatic transmission. Regardless of transmission, the Cayenne carries an EPA fuel economy rating of 14 mpg in the city and 20 mpg on the highway. The V6 engine in the Cayenne earns the vehicle a LEV-II clean-air certification from the EPA.
The 2010 Cayenne MSRP starts at $45,500 plus $975 for destination
Occupant Protection Off-Road and On
In addition to their stunning combination of performance and environmental sensitivity, all models in the Cayenne line are equipped with a rollover sensor that in the event of an impending rollover triggers the seatbelt tensioners and the side curtain airbags.
But Porsche firmly believes that preventing an accident is the best way to protect the vehicle's occupants, so all Cayennes are equipped with Porsche Stability Management (PSM) to help maintain vehicle stability, even under adverse weather and surface conditions. PSM is fully integrated with the vehicles' other safety features, including antilock braking and braking pre-load.
Even further stability, agility and comfort is available with Porsche Dynamic Chassis Control (PDCC). This optional system (standard on the Turbo S) all but eliminates body lean in turns via active anti-roll bars.
Permanent All-Wheel Drive, Porsche Style
Regardless of power plant or transmission, every Cayenne walks a delicate line; each must be a sport-utility vehicle and a Porsche. Inherent in the concept of an SUV is the ability to traverse many more surfaces than Macadam or concrete. To that end, all Cayenne models come standard with the maker's permanent all-wheel drive system, Porsche Traction Management (PTM).
Under most conditions, engine power is biased to the rear wheels, as driving enthusiasts prefer. In standard mode, the torque is split 38/62, front/rear. However, as conditions warrant, the electronically controlled PTM has the capacity to vary that power distribution virtually infinitely and instantaneously, directing up to 100 percent of the engine's power to either front or rear wheels as necessary for optimum traction and stability.
And all Cayenne models have a 2.7:1 reduction gear for off-road or inclimate weather use. To activate the low-range gearing, the driver simply applies the brake, puts the car in neutral and tips the center console swtch to the off-road position. The Cayenne automatically swtches to low-range gearing. If fitted with air suspension, the Cayenne automatically raises from its normal level of 8.46 inches to a special off-road level of 10.67 inches.
Finally, all Cayenne models can tow up to 7,716 lbs.
Regardless of model distinctions, all Cayennes share a solid family resemblance. Everyone has a bold face with its headlights under clear glass covers and mounted close to the fascia's outer edges. The strong front sweeps back to broad, muscular wheel arches. The breadth of the wheel arches increases along with each variant’s performance potential and tire size. Both the Cayenne Turbo and Cayenne Turbo S are further distinguished by their power dome hoods, and the GTS shares their horizontal lighting units mounted in the outer air inlets.
Leaving no stone unturned in its quest to refine the Cayennes’ shape, Porsche's aerodynamic engineers optimized the shape of the exterior mirrors and the roof spoiler. Besides resulting in an aesthetic, fresh look, the current body has a lower coefficient of drag than the first generation Cayenne.